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The new PMC design is here! Learn more about navigating our updated article layout. The PMC legacy view will also be available for a limited time. Federal government websites often end in. The site is secure. Anxiety is an un-pleasurable emotional state associated with psychophysiological changes in response to an intra-psychic conflict.
The perioperative period is one of the worrying events for most surgical patients. Despite preoperative anxiety having many negative consequences on post-operative physical and mental health, no adequate information on the degree to which the preoperative period exposed clients to preoperative anxiety and its associated factors. To assess the prevalence of preoperative anxiety and associated factors among adult surgical patients in Debre Berhan Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia.
Institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from June 1, , to August 30, A systematic random sampling technique was employed to collect the data. The data were entered to Epi-Data version 4. A statistically significant association was declared at a p-value less than 0. A total of patients were enrolled in the study with a response rate of The prevalence of a high level of preoperative anxiety was Being female 3.
Preoperative anxiety affects more than half of surgical patients which is a high and serious health burden. Additionally, this study revealed that being female, illiterate, fear of death, having a history of surgical complications and fear of complications, and fear of postoperative pain were significantly associated with preoperative anxiety.
Assessing during the preoperative period helps to detect and ameliorate the problem. Preoperative counseling and informed consent taken as a prerequisite for surgery will help in reducing preoperative anxiety. Anxiety is an un-pleasurable emotional state associated with psychophysiological changes in response to an intrapsychic conflict. Psychological changes consist of an uncomfortable feeling of impending danger, overwhelming awareness of being powerless, inability to perceive the unreality of the threat, a prolonged feeling of tension, and exhaustive readiness for the expected danger; physiological changes consist of increased heart rate, disturbed breathing, trembling, sweating, and vasomotor changes.